Vernon (Вернон) — живописный городок, расположенный в 69 км на северо-запад от Парижа.
Explore the historical district of Vernon on the banks of the river Seine with its gothic church, fine arts museum, 12th century castles and the famous old mill. Dream of past times in the exquisite chateau de Bizy.Vernon has 26000 inhabitants and lots of lovely shops, little cafés and restaurants.
Путеводитель по Вернону:
- Добраться в Вернон
- Достопримечательности Вернона
- Карта Вернона
- В окрестностях Вернона
- Путеводитель по Вернону
Добраться в Вернон:
- Как добраться на машине в Вернон (расстояние, время в пути, стоимость платных дорог, парковки).
- Из Парижа: Autoroute A13 : sorties 14 à Bonnières ou 16 à Douains.
- Из Амьена :
- There is a large free car park — but often full — avenue Mendès France (where the tour passes). Also free, the carpark under the river bridge ( The walk passes just across the road) Free parking is also posible Place Chantereine or more surely a bit farther in Avenue de Rouen that begins here. Parking is usually easy (but with meters !!) Avenue Victor Hugo and avenue Gambetta (also along the walk)
- Из Парижа в Вернон: на поезде с вокзала Paris Gare St-Lazare (платформы справа — SNCF — Grandes Lignes) до Vernon (ветка Paris / Rouen / Le Havre, ок. 45 минут в пути).
- Расписание из Парижа / Руана в Вернон — 2015
- Как добраться из Парижа в Вернон
- Автобусы в Вернон: расписание, маршруты, цены
- Автобус от вокзала Вернон в Живерни: 2015 — Вокзал Vernon <-> Giverny тут
По городу: пешком
1 : Collégiale Notre Dame (Our lady Collegiate church) Started in the late eleventh-century, the Church was completed in the late sixteenth-century. Shaped as a cross, its characteristics remind one of the architecture of the Romanesque as well as the various Gothic periods: its façade, with a beautiful flamboyant rose window, as well as its triforium, were built in the fifteenth-century, while its Lantern Tower dates back to the thirteenth-century. Most of the original stained-glass windows were shattered during the WW2 air raids. The Church was restored on the City Council’s initiative and is part of the cultural heritage of Vernon. The modern windows are by G. HERMET and M. JUTEAU, from Chartres. Spared by the bombings of WW2, the streets around the Church have retained their picturesque half-timbered houses and rustic cobblestones. 2 : Rue du Chapitre (Chapter St) At number 3 to 5, one can see the only remaining two-story, half-timbered house of the seventeenth-century where chapter members used to live. Note how narrow the street was. See also the railings protecting the windows of the former Treasure Room of the church. 3 : Rue Bourbon Penthièvre It is lined with numerous old houses, some of them with their first floor jutting out and corbelled attics. Number 5, this seventeenthcentury place, was once the town’s Salt Store 4 : Pavillon Bourbon Penthièvre On the banks of the River Seine, the Pavillon of Penthièvre is an eighteenth-century residence where the Duke, the last Lord of the city, used to come to listen to the grievances of his subjects. When Claude Monet came to live here, he tried buying this house but couldn’t afford it and had to go to Giverny… ! 5 : Rue des Erigots (Erigots St) The original thing here is the name: « Erigot » probably comes from “ergot” (cocks’ spurs). Located near Butchers’ Street and a slaughterhouse, this might have been the place where chicken feet were stored away. (They were later used for making glue.) 6 : Ruelle Malot (Malot Alley) Rue Malot is what remains from medieval backyards and alley ways with the gutter in the middle. Nice view of the North portal of the church. 7 : Le Temps Jadis (Ye Olde Time house) Situated at the corner of Rue Carnot and Rue SaintSauveur, it was built in the 15th century with two corbelled stories and an attic. On the corner post one can admire a scene representing The Annunciation, carved directly in the wood. It used to be a café, the “Ancien Café de la Ville”, and now accommodates the Tourist Office. This historic building is now officially part of France’s National Cultural Heritage 8 : Hôtel de Ville (Town Hall) Built in 1895, this building evokes the coming of King Saint-Louis in Vernon with a stained-glass window which can be seen inside (or outside from the back). On the first floor, the Wedding Room has superb frescoes showing local festivities (Apply to the Town Hall’s reception desk for visits) 9 : Espace Philippe Auguste (Philippe Auguste cultural centre) Walk to the back of the town hall and into Rue SainteGeneviève which will lead you to the Espace Culturel Philippe Auguste. Inaugurated in September 1992, it contains a reference library with multimedia collections and accommodates the local music and drama schools. Art exhibitions are also organised there. 10 :Ruins of the medieval castle and Tour des Archives (Archive Tower) In Rue des Ecuries des Gardes, which is situated on the site of the old fortified castle of Vernon, there remains a 50-metre-long wall and a 22-meter-high tower – the keep – built by King Philippe Auguste in the late twelfth century. In the 18th century, as it was no longer needed for warring purposes, it was used to store the town’s archives, hence its name. Today a beautiful modern garden enhances the outlook of the place (page 2) 11 : La rue Potard (Potard St) Originally spelt POTART, from the name of Potart family. It was probably built before the t w e l f t h — c e n t u r y . I t i s l i n e d w i t h h a l f — t i m b e r e d h o u s e s . (page 2) 12 : Hôtel du Grand Cerf (Big Stag hotel) In the old area called Le Vieux Bourg (the Old Village), the Hôtel du Grand Cerf – the Big Stag hotel)– a fifteenth-century place whose sign used to bear the fleur-de-lis – makes it still possible to conjure up the image of what elegant 18th century inns looked like. 13 : Musée Alphonse Georges Poulain (City museum) Back in Rue Carnot, proceed as far as Rue du Pont. A.G. POULAIN Museum consists of two buildings : an 18th century mansion and a large half-timbered, 15th century one. Open in 1983, the local history museum is one of the few French museums specialising in animal paintings, drawings and sculptures. Prehistoric, ancient and medieval objects can also be seen there, but tis is the only place where you can see original paintings of the Giverny artists, Monet, Bonnard, Vuillard, Butler, MacMonnies, and many others… 14 : Rue de la Boucherie (Butchers’ St) Finally, on the way back to the Tourist Office, Rue de la Boucherie, off Rue Carnot, is worth seeing. Together with Rue Malot and Rue Carnot, this district is gives a very good idea of medieval town planning. Across the river : Le Château des Tourelles (Tourelles castle) Another testimony of the medieval period (12th century). This fortress on the right bank of the river had to control ant to protect the bridge giving access to the fortified city of Vernon. This castle was later used as a steel works, and a tannery but mainly as a flour mill. (Outside visits only)
Le vieux Moulin (The old Mill) Built on the former bridge, as many as five mills erected on the bridge have existed until the mid 19th century. The last mill that remains was restored some years ago. (No visits)
Маршрут вдоль крепостных стен: http://vernon-visite.org/rf1/ut/LIME_TREE_WALK.pdf
COLLEGIATE CHURCH NOTRE-DAME
Place Barette — Vernon
The building of the church Notre-Dame of Vernon started in the 11th century but was completed in the 17th century only. The style is mostly gothic. The elegant narrow nave is lit by a beautiful set of contemporarystained-glass windows and a few ancient ones.
The church was dedicated in 1072 «to the Holy Mother of God», this is why it is named Notre-Dame (Our Lady).
In 1658 the pavement was raised about two feet to keep it out of reach of the swelling of the river Seine. Two engravings on the outer wall of the church commemorate these floods.
The west façade of the church boasts a unique rose window in ‘flaming’ gothic style. Attending the mass on a Sunday at 11.00 am will enable you to listen to the excellent pipe organ of 1610.
Saint Adjutor is the patron of Vernon.
THE HOUSE OF LONG AGO
This beautiful half-timbered mansion now houses the Tourist Information Office. It is one of the oldest houses in Vernon (15th century). Its first owners built it on the main street next to the church, a very good location that led it to become an inn. Don’t miss the delicate carved corner post on the theme of the Annunciation.
Vernon still counts 233 wooden houses scattered along old narrow streets in the vicinity of the church and the museum.
THE TOWN HALL
It was built at the end of the 19th century in the impressive neo-classical style of the time on a newly created square. The city hall faces the collegiate church. The mayor who erected it took care to raise the bell tower higher than the church, because of the rivalry between religious and civil power at that time.
On the back, a fine stained-glass window features the king Saint-Louis receiving three bunches of watercress upon his arrival in Vernon. The town’s coat of arm has its origin in this story.
A.G. POULAIN MUSEUM
12 rue du Pont 27200 Vernon
The gallery of impressionist paintings displays two masterpieces by Claude Monet and works by American artists of the colony of Giverny. The museum also specializes in animal art, and more.
Photo Ariane Cauderlier
THE ARCHIVES TOWER
The tower is a remain of the ancient castle of Vernon. It dates back to Philippe Augustus (12th century). In the 19th century, it was used to keep the city archives. Exceptionnally open on Heritage Days the third week-end of September, it offers breathtaking views from the top, accessible by a 100-step staircase.
|A landmark of Vernon, the old mill still lies straddling two piers of the ancient bridge over the Seine. It can be easily seen from the Clemenceau bridge or from the park of the Tourelles Castle. There used to be a pending wheel powered by the river Seine. The wheel has gone, leaving a very odd looking house.Outside visit only.See mill’s page|
Photo Ariane Cauderlier
THE TOURELLES CASTLE
The Tourelles (turrets) castle was built in 1196 by Philippe Augustus. It was a bridgehead meant to defend the town of Vernon located on the border of the crown lands and the Duchy of Normandy.This stronghold consists of four towers and a keep. Outside visit only.
This little gem is surrounded by a large park and was nicknamed a «little Versailles» because of its fountains. The chateau de Bizy stands on the hill one mile away from downtown Vernon. It is privately owned and furnished. The guided tour includes Grand Salon, office and dining room.
Photo Ariane Cauderlier
Photo Ariane Cauderlier
VERNON’S OLD STREETS
In spite of the bombardment of 1940-44 that damaged the town center, Vernon has kept streets that seem to come straight out of the Middle Ages. Half timbered houses with ancient doors and carved timbers, shop signs in wrought iron, cobbled paths are of exceptional character and are a frequent sight throughout this charming town.
The following streets deserve your attention : rue Bourbon-Penthievre, rue Malauliere, rue Saint-Sauveur, rue du Chapitre, rue Carnot (see the house of the artist A.G. Poulain, richly carved by himself), rue du Pont, rue de la Boucherie, rue Potard (see picture), rue du Grevarin… A map is available at the Tourist Information Office.
BANKS OF RIVER SEINE
On both sides of the Seine, enjoy a stroll along the water in a preserved natural setting. It’s a nice place where to have a picnic.
OFFICE DE TOURISME DES PORTES DE L’EURE (CAPE)
Du 01/05 au 30/09 :
Du lundi au samedi : 9h30-13h — 14h-18h
Dimanche : 10h-13h
Jours fériés : 10h-13h
En avril et octobre : Du lundi au samedi : 9h30-12h30 — 14h-17h30
Du 01/11 au 31/03 : Du lundi au samedi : 9h30-12h30 — 14h-17h30
В окрестностях Вернона
Приведено расстояние и время в пути на машине.
- Живерни (7 км, 0:09) — долгое время здесь жил Клод Моне, можно посетить его дом с марстерской и полюбоваться знаменитым садом, запечатленным на многих шедеврах художника.
Giverny — Photo Ariane Cauderlier
AROUND VERNON :
Les Andelys is about 20 km away.
Château de Gaillon
Château de la Roche-Guyon
Château de Saint-Just
- Fécamp (16 км, 0:25) — великолепное бенедиктинское аббатство, одна из главных достопримечательностей Верхней Нормандии. Здесь делают «бенедиктинский ликер» (Bénédictine) по своему собственному рецепту.
- Гавр (30 км, 0:40) — крупный порт Нормандии.
- Honfleur (45км, 0:48) — живописный маленький порт, излюбленное мест имперссионистов.
- Руан (106км, 1:20) — культурный и исторический центр Нормандии. Руанский собор — один из самых значимых готических храмов во Франции. Ему посвятил целую серию полотен Клод Моне. В Руане судили и сожгли на центральной площади Жанну д’Арк.
- Caen (118км, 1:30) — столица департамента, с впечатляющим собором
- Bayeux (143 км, 1:45) — уникальный гобелен 12 века, длиной 70 м, лучший музей Дня-Д, посвященный Высадке в Нормандии.
- Mont Saint Michel (239 км, 2:40) — аббатство Сен-Мишель, внесенное в список памятников всемирного наследия ЮНЕСКО — главная достопримечательность региона и одно из самых впечатляющих и популярных мест во Франции. Оооочень много людей в высокий сезон (июль-август).
Paris : 72 km
Rouen : 56 km
Evreux : 32 km
De la mer : 120 km
De l’autoroute : 10 km
De l’aéroport d’Orly : 96 km