Turenne (Тюренн)

Turenne (Тюренн) — небольшой старинный городок на юге региона Лимузен, в Юго-Западной Франции, в Ассоциации самых красивых деревень Франции.  Тюренн носит имя могущественного виконства, которое правило Лимузеном, Перигором и Кьерси на протяжении 10 веков. Здесь сохранилось многое от его великого прошлого —  башни Цезаря и Казначейская, руины замка, возвышающиеся над деревней, старинные домики, датируемые 14 и 17 веками, украшенные башенками или сторожками, и более скромные здания, покрытые характерной для этой местности каменной черепицей — «lauze».

Имя Turenne вошло в историю благодаря известному маршралу Франции, носившему родовое имя своего виконства. Расположенные на холме, руины древнего феодального замка и башни Цезаря возвышаются над деревней, с ее старинными домиками и часовней Капуцинов.  Не пропустите домики 15-го века и Hôtel de Cosnac, старинную охотничью ложу.

В деревне проводятся экскурсии  (1:30) по средам в 10:30 по средам и в 16:30 по пятницам с июня по сентябрь (мин. 5 человек).

Погода в Тюренне:

 

Добраться в Тюренн:

 

На машине в Тюренн:

В Тюренн:

шоссе A20 съезд 52 или 51 или Nespouls Brive, далее по дороге D8

 

На автобусе в Тюренн:

Автобус — маршрут №4  Meyssac — Turenne —  Brive 

Схема маршрутов автобусов по департаменту CORREZE:

Схема маршрутов автобусов по департаменту CORREZE - автобусы в Тюренн

Схема маршрутов автобусов по департаменту CORREZE

 

 

На поезде в Тюренн:

  • TER Midi-Pyrénées маршрут Brive-la-Gaillarde — Turenne — Figeac — Rodez — расписание
  • TER Auvergne — маршрут Brive-la-Gaillarde — Aurillac

Стоимость билетов на поезд: 

  • Брив — Тюренн: 3,70 € (14 минут в пути)
  • Фижак — Тюренн: 13,80 € (1 ч в пути)
  • Rodez — Тюренн: 24,90 € (2:09 в пути)

 

Схема маршрутов поездов по регионам:

 

Расписание поездов в Тюренне:

Расписание поездов на будние дни 2016 год.

Актуальное расписание можно посмотреть на сайте voyages-sncf.com

 

Прибытие в Тюренн:

Поезд Приб. Из города:
TER 73901 06:50 Aurillac
Aurillac- Laroquebrou- Laval-de-Cère- Bretenoux-Biars- St-Denis-près-Martel- Les Quatre-Routes-Turenne
TER 70155 07:45 Brive-la-Gaillarde 
Brive-la-Gaillarde- Turenne
TER 70161 13:41 Brive-la-Gaillarde 
Brive-la-Gaillarde- Turenne
TER 70163 16:30 Brive-la-Gaillarde 
Brive-la-Gaillarde- Turenne
TER 70167 18:39 Brive-la-Gaillarde 
Brive-la-Gaillarde- Turenne
TER 70160 18:40 Rodez
Rodez- Aubin- Viviez-Decazeville- Capdenac- Figeac- Assier• Gramat- Roc-Amadour-Padirac- St-Denis-près-Martel- Turenne

 

Отправление из Тюренна:

Поезд Отпр. Направление
TER 73901 06:51 Brive-la-Gaillarde 
Turenne- Brive-la-Gaillarde
TER 70155 07:46 Rodez
Turenne- St-Denis-près-Martel- Roc-Amadour-Padirac- Gramat• Assier- Figeac- Capdenac- Viviez-Decazeville- Aubin- Rodez
TER 70161 13:42 Rodez
Turenne- St-Denis-près-Martel- Roc-Amadour-Padirac- Gramat• Assier- Figeac- Capdenac- Viviez-Decazeville- Aubin- Rodez
TER 70163 16:35 Rodez
Turenne- St-Denis-près-Martel- Roc-Amadour-Padirac- Gramat• Assier- Figeac- Capdenac- Viviez-Decazeville- Aubin- Rodez
TER 70160 18:41 Brive-la-Gaillarde
Turenne- Brive-la-Gaillarde
TER 70167 18:48 Rodez
Turenne- St-Denis-près-Martel- Roc-Amadour-Padirac- Gramat• Assier- Figeac- Capdenac- Viviez-Decazeville- Aubin- Rodez

На самолете в Тюренн:

Brive - Dordogne Valley Airport  Brive — Dordogne valley Airport
 HOP · Paris Orly : daily return flights (except Saturday).
· Ajaccio : return flight every Saturday, from April to September.

 

 City Jet · London City : 2 weekly return flights (Friday, Sunday).
Extra flights for the summer season.
· Amsterdam : 1 weekly return flight every Saturday, from early July
to early September.

 

Ryanair · London Stansted : 2 weekly return flights (Wednesday, Saturday), from early April.
 Europe Airpost  · Porto : return flight every thursday in July and August.

 

 Limoges International Airport  Limoges International Airport

 

 Ryanair Regular Ryanair return flights between LimogesLiverpoolLondon Stansted,
Nottingham East MidlandsBristol (summer) and Leeds-Bradford (summer).

 

 Flybe Regular Flybe return flights between LimogesSouthampton and Newcastle(summer).

 

 

 

 

Транспорт в Тюренне:

Транспорт в Тюренне:

Регулярные маршруты:

Brive – vayrac (ligne 3, ramassage pour les lycéens de Brive)  : le PDF des horaires est en pièce jointe à cet article
Brive — Meyssac (ligne 4, ramassage pour le collège de Meyssac) : 8 h 04 à Turenne Vile, retour le soir 17 h 30

Cars Quercy-Corrèze : 05 65 38 71 90

A partir de Brive =
En période scolaire = départ Brive Tassigny : 7h42 arrivée 8h03 de lundi à vendredi
En vacances scolaire = pas de cars

Cars CFTA = Renseignements : Mobi-Limousin, 0800 87 23 19 

Transports à la demande

Vous habitez à Turenne (ou Noailles) et vous souhaitez vous rendre au marché de Brive-la-Gaillarde ou dans ses pôles d’échanges (centres commerciaux Est et Ouest), réservez votre Libéo à la demande !
Pour réserver ou obtenir des informations, c’est simple :

Appelez l’agence commerciale entre 9 h et 17 h du lundi au vendredi (hors jours fériés) et le samedi de 9h à 12h,au:
05 55 74 20 13

Vous devez réserver la veille du déplacement avant 17 h.
Pour les réservations du lundi. inscrivez-vous le samedi avant 12 h.

Transports par le rail

Horaires de train : (Turenne-Gare)

Extraits de la fiche horaire TER Auvergne numéro 21

Tous les jours Samedi Tous les jours
Gares A partir du 16-10 Du 16-10
Au 31-07
Gares A partir du 16-10
BRIVE 14h30 22h38 AURILLAC 11h44
TURENNE-GARE 14h43 22h48 TURENNE-GARE 13h14
AURILLAC 16h23 00h09 BRIVE 13h26
Transport de vélo ? Oui Oui Oui

 

 

 

История Тюренна:

 

The first lords of Turenne appeared in the 9th century. The town became a veritable feudal state after the Crusades and one of the great fiefs of France in the 14th century. From the Middle Ages to the 18th century, the viscount of Turenne had complete autonomy. Until 1738 the sheriffs, despite honoring the French king with simple tributes, were free of taxation and acted as true sovereigns; convening the Estates General, raising taxes, coining money, and ennobling. The Viscounty formed a state within a state. Thus, when the king banned tobacco (introduced in Aquitaine in 1560), the measure did not apply in the viscounty.

The fiefdom of Turenne occupied a territory bounded by three provinces and three bishoprics. Part of the Périgord Noir (Black Périgord), the fiefdom was adjacent to Lower Limousin and Quercy. It controlled the transfer of livestock between the plateaus of Quercy and Limousin, At its largest in the 15th century, it spanned from around Meymac or Lapleau to the north-east, Terrasson to the west, and Gramat to the south. At that time, the major fortified cities of the Viscount were Argentat, Servieres, Beaulieu, Gagnac, Martel, Saint-Cere, and Turenne; other walled cities included the bastides of Bretenoux and Puybrun, the cities of Carennac, Vayrac, Curemonte, Meyssac, and Collonges. There are now about 100,000 inhabitants in the entire region, divided into 18,500 «feux», 111 parishes, 1200 villages, and many monasteries.

Turenne has seen a succession of four families of Viscounts. From the 9th century to the thirteenth, the Comborn, from the valley of the Vézère (and who had actively participated in the Crusades and Anglo-French wars) obtained extensive privileges from the kings of France. Then, during the first half of the 14th century, the Viscounty was taken over by the Comminges, Pyrenées feudal lords, before being transferred for 94 years to Roger de Beaufort from which came two Popes of Avignon, Clement VI and Gregory XI. This family had two Viscounts: Roger William III of Beaufort and Raymond de Turenne XIII, and two viscountesses names Antoinette de Turenne and Eleonore de Beaujeu. Then, from 1444 to 1738, the Viscounty became the possession of the family of La Tour d’Auvergne. In their heyday, Henri de la Tour d’Auvergne, co-religionist and companion-at-arms of King Henry IV, became Duke of Bouillion and prince of Sedan. His son Henry, Marshal of France, received the nickname «The Great Turenne.»

Under La Tour d’Auvergne, the Viscounty lasted until the Reformation. Calvinism was spread by the boatmen of the Dordogne throughout the region. In 1575, after St. Bartholomew, Henri de la Tour engaged with Henri of Navarre and Turenne became a hotbed of religious wars and disorders of the Fronde.

On 8 June 1738, Turenne was sold to Louis XV to pay the gambling debts of Charles Godfrey, the last of the Viscounts of La Tour d’Auvergne family. Thus ended the quasi-independence of this last French stronghold. The Viscounty’s subjects became subjects of Louis XV and were forced to pay taxes. The king also ordered the dismantling of the fortress of Turenne. As of the Revolution, Turenne was more like a seat of a royal provost.

Under the French Revolution, to follow a decree of the Convention, the town changed its name to Mount Franc

 

 

Достопримечательности Тюренна:

 

  • The tower of César (12th century) and the Clock Tower (14th century), vestiges of the former fortress.
  • The church with its altar from the 17th century.
  • The village, with houses from the 13th through the 17th centuries
  • Several noble houses

Turenne is classified as one of The Most Beautiful Villages in France.

 

Карта Тюренна:

 

La Maison des Chanoines:

 

A pretty village, dating largely from the 13th — 16th centuries, Turenne sits on the edges of a small hill, with some lovely views from the top of the village across the Limousin countryside and forests to the mountains beyond. Although you might not find the hill so small if you climb to the top with small children — it is steep!

The pretty 13th century village itself has many lovely stone houses to enjoy (most of these date from the 15th and 16th centuries), frequently with individual highlights such as watchtowers that will attract your interest.

It is also the towers that stand at either end of the hill behind the village that will attract your attention. The circular 12th century César Tower is the older of the two while the square donjon tower was constructed some 100 years later. The towers, now separated by a nicely maintained garden, and a substantial part of the fortified wall, are all that remains of the fortress that once stood on this cliff behind the village.

Looking down from the castle is the best way to appreciate the lovely rooftops in Turenne, and the conical roofs on top of the towers.

You will also see the Porte de Mauriolles, one of the original stone gateways that allowed access through the fortifications of the town, and the calvary Tower which was also part of these defences. The Collegiale Church of Notre-Dame is the most important religious monument in Turenne and was built in the 17th century — it contains a very decorative altarpiece.

There are a couple of bars and restaurants in the village, and a bicycle hire shop (in the tourist office) if you feel like exploring the area around Turenne.

 

 

Замок Тюренна:

From the top of its promontory where the Viscount reigned, almost free of bonds to the king of France during a period of over 700 years, you can enjoy a magnificent view which stetches from ‘Les Monts d’Auvergne’ to the East to ‘ Les marches du Midi Toulousain’ to the South.

The story of the Viscounty is particularly remarkable as it has benefitted of numerous royal prerogatives which led to an almost independancy from the crown. It has, under the Comborn, sheltered noble crusaders and benefitted under the Roger de Beaufort (two of them were popes in Avignon) of powerful relationships. Under the La Tour d’Auvergne it reached international fame thanks to the achievements of ‘the Maréchal of Turenne’.

The main part of the buiding, dismantled by LouisXV who had just bought it from the indebted Charles Godefroy Duke of Bouillon and Viscount of Turenne, is now a beautiful and flowery French garden together with English and exotic plantings.

Dates
From 1er April to 30 June

From 1er September to 30 October

Daily 10h — 12h and 14h — 18h

From 1er July to 31 August

Daily de 10h à 19h

From 1er November to 31 March

Sunday afternoon 14h — 17h

Prices :
Tarif normal : 5.00 €
Tarif Groupe : 3,40 €
— 10 years : free

Toilets — Small bookshop: postcards, charts

 

 

В окрестностях Тюренна:

The village of Turenne is close to two other most beautiful villages, Curemonte and Collonges-la-Rouge, and a day exploring the three villages is very rewarding — partly because they are all very lovely, and partly because they each show a different aspect of the local historical architecture.

Маршруты по региону

Путеводитель по департаменту

Окрестные деревни из числа самых красивых во Франции:

Города вокруг Тюренна:

Collonges-la-Rouge

Martel

Martel
Curemonte

Les Jardins de Colette

Les Jardins de Colette
Souillac

Souillac
Carennac

Collonges-la-Rouge

Carennac

 

  • Collonges-la-Rouge: most beautiful village (6km)
  • Gouffre de la Fage: site of natural beauty (7km)
  • Curemonte: most beautiful village (15km)
  • Eglise de Saint Pierre (Carennac): religious monument (19km)
  • Carennac: most beautiful village (19km)
  • Abbaye Sainte Marie (Souillac): religious monument (20km)
  • Donzenac: village d’etape (20km)
  • Jardins du Manoir d’Eyrignac: remarkable garden (22km)
  • Jardins de l’Imaginaire: remarkable garden (23km)
  • Gouffre de Padirac: site of natural beauty (26km)

 

 

 

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