From the XIXth century painters leave their workshops and interested closer to landscapes. Getting into a table, it is possible by visiting the places where the masters have set up their easels.
1. Monet’s Water Lilies, Giverny (Eure)
Designed in ambition and aesthetic philosophy unheard at the time, the Water Lilies grow the Impressionism at its absolute, at the same time they are the swan song. If the contemplation of two circular sets offered by Claude Monet at the Musée de l’Orangerie in Paris, makes you want to continue the experiment, that is Giverny you find the descendants of the painter lilies floating in the basin that it aménagea in his garden by diverting an arm of the Epte. Monet had fallen for Giverny, and are realized as you realize a painting, a sparkling flower garden that was his «workshop» during the second half of his life .
The assault of the 500,000 annual visitors, forced to concentrate between the months of April and October, he breaks the spell from Giverny Gardens? Your turn to judge.
2. The Montagne Sainte-Victoire by Cézanne (Bouches-du-Rhône)
A total of 44 oils and 43 watercolors bear witness to the commitment of Cezanne to the Sainte-Victoire. Born in Aix-en-Provence, Paul Cézanne quickly devoted himself to his passion: painting. Childhood friend of Emile Zola, with whom he traveled the Aix countryside, he will keep the memory of those years long walks in contact with nature. For twenty years, he will shuttle between Aix-en-Provence, L’Estaque and Paris, where he will never manage to win. Income definitively in Provence to paint the landscapes of his childhood, he fell out with Zola after the publication of The Work, which inspired him to describe a cursed painter.
To soak up its universe, nothing like to visit Cézanne’s studio (www.atelier-cezanne.com) In Aix-en-Provence.
3. Views of Honfleur Eugene Boudin (Calvados)
Eugène Boudin, the precursor of Impressionism, first found his inspiration on the banks of the city where he was born, Honfleur. As such, Boudin is also the father of those artists who settled in Honfleur and elsewhere, their webs facing a landscape; he initiated elsewhere Monet to outdoor painting. Baudelaire, who was no stranger to the Boudin decision to follow his vocation, he who had started his career as stationer, proclaimed «king of the skies». The painter has done for countless views of the harbor, houses with slate and the old Honfleur Basin, which, in many ways, announce the city of destiny postcard; but different scenes, including market, evidenced by a look more documentary.
Eugene-Boudin museum presents more than 90 works of the painter, but also paintings by Monet, Courbet and other artists.
4. The Moulin de la Galette (Paris)
Climb the Rue Lepic and see (near n os 75-81) the last two mills, ancient and often rebuilt, in Montmartre: the Blute-fin and Radet. In the 1860s, the owner added a dance hall and a rustic ball, called Moulin de la Galette (note again the sign of the restaurant with that name near the mill Radet). The popular atmosphere or rabble, these balls and taverns, the charm of the hill and the old mills inspired many artists, starting with Renoir who painted, in 1876, his famous Ball at the Moulin de la Galette (aujourd ‘hui, Musée d’Orsay), but also Van Gogh (1886), Toulouse-Lautrec (1889), Picasso (1900) and many others.
The Museum of Montmartre (www.museedemontmartre.fr) Occupies one of the oldest houses in the Butte, where Renoir had his studio. You will discover other Montmartre artists and views of the vineyards from its charming garden.
5. Sisley Moret-sur-Loing (Seine-et-Marne)
Near the forest of Fontainebleau, Moret is a quaint little town, with its keep and vestiges of ramparts, Gothic church, its old housesXVe -XVIth centuries and the old bridge over the Loing, a quiet river with tributaries and the canal crisscross the countryside. Its confluence with the Seine is not far either. Nothing has changed little since the Impressionist painter Alfred Sisley (1839-1899) settled there in 1880. For almost twenty years, he painted there many views of the Loing , its channel and along the Seine, leaving a wide place in heaven and the effects of perspective outlined by poplars.
Many artists today just find the atmosphere that inspired Sisley. Sisley course must be put in place and allow boats to go down over the water, surrounded by green sites.
6. Arles and Van Gogh (Bouches-du-Rhône)
Arles kept no canvas Van Gogh . Yet it is here that the painter experienced a creative fury leading the elation to exhaustion, the borders of madness. He stayed a little more than a year — from February 1888 to May 1889 — in the city where he painted some 185 paintings. Among the most famous : Sunflowers, The House Cafe Terrace at Night and Self Portrait with Bandaged Ear , related to his argument with Gauguin . It will then be transferred to the asylum at Saint-Rémy-de-Provence. Number of places he painted can still be seen today.
The places where the artist has placed his easel are reported in the streets of Arles by panels representing his paintings.
7. Fresselines and the Valley of the Creuse (Creuse)
During the winter 1889 Claude Monet set up his easel at the confluence of the two Creuse , in a place called Les Piles, and before the mill Vervy. Its 23 tables will testify to the fascination of the master of Impressionism to the dark light and savagery of this border valley of Indre. Around Fresselines , the Creuse , meanders, creeks and cliffs, already mentioned by George Sand, will host the landscape painters of the school of Crozant . Today, the forest won the groves and heathland, but the mineral beauty of the sites remains.
Fortress Crozant and its promontory at the confluence of the Creuse and Sédelle, offers one of the most spectacular views of the valley.
8. Site Corot, Saint-Junien (Haute-Vienne)
The town of Saint-Junien , in the extreme west of the department, has restored the » Chalet Corot » modest cottage in which the painter Jean-Baptiste Corot was storing his easel and brushes. This delicate landscape came every summer, in the middle ofXIXth century painting the banks of the Glane and its capricious waters. The » Site Corot » steep and wooded, contains the memory of this precursor «despite her» the Impressionists , a loner that captured perfectly the transience of natural lighting. You can see his sculpted portrait medallion and sealed in the rock. A tribute in 1904 by local artists.
For botanical fades: a rare plant species awaits on the banks, the royal fern. This giant fern, 2 m high, spreading its fronds from May to September.www.saint-junien-tourisme.fr
9. A Burial at Ornans, Gustave Courbet (Doubs)
A Burial at Ornans is the first monumental painting of Gustave Courbet , who painted it between 1849 and 1850. From the outset, critics abound. It accuses the painter vulgarity but also for having treated a «popular anecdote» in a large format usually reserved for scenes called noble. Courbet , who claims to have no other master in painting the nature and tradition , becomes the realism leader . Many paintings are inspired from his native village, Ornans , nicknamed «Little Venice Comtoise». Crossed by the Loue, this one is full of charm with its old houses on stilts on the river.
The Courbet Museum in Ornans (www.musee-courbet.fr), Has just reopened after extensive renovations. It traces the career of the painter, the Doubs in Paris until his exile in Switzerland.
10. Pierre Bonnard Le Cannet (Alpes-Maritimes)
From the window of his house, Pierre Bonnard admired the ocher roofs of Cannet , the red cliffs of the Esterel and behind a green fringe, the blue of the Mediterranean. Landscapes, Le Cannet illustrates 1félicité the painter in his adopted country. «In the light of the South, everything becomes clear and the paint is in full vibration,» he wrote. He came regularly from 1922, and then moved to the Villa Le Bosquet , bought in 1926, where he resided until his death. Not far away, a museum dedicated to him. Outside, a walk invites the artist to follow in the path of the Siagne canal.
The museum (www.museebonnard.fr), Open all year, organizes numerous exhibitions and workshops.
En savoir plus sur http://www.lonelyplanet.fr/article/france-les-lieux-qui-ont-inspire-les-peintres#i6O5EypVyR0EmBST.99