Angers (Анже)

Angers (Анже), Франция - достопримечательности, путеводитель по городу

Angers (Анже) — столица исторического региона Анжу, один из известных городов долины Луары, с его характерным замком, возвышающимся над рекой Maine. Хотя и больший по населению, чем Тур и Орлеан, Анже чувствуется более провинциальным и домашним, затмеваемый древней столицей БретаниНантом — расположенным в 75 км. Это милый городок с архитектурой преимущественно 19-го века, хотя в центре города и средневековом пригороде La Doutre, сразу за рекой, сохранилось несколько прекрасных старинных домиков и церквей. Кафедральный собор Сен-Морис — прекрасный пример архитектуры 12-го века в анжуйском стиле. Необычно, что две главные достопримечательности Анже — это великолепные гобелены. Один из них — старинный гобелен с изображением Апокалипсиса, хранимый в замке Анже. Другой гобелен, более современный, Chant du Monde — расположен в госпитале 12-го века.

Chateau d’ Angers — один из знаменитых замков долины Луары, с его средневековым обликом и рвами, превращенными в формальные сады — теперь превращен в музей. В ближайших окрестностях Анже расположено еще несколько знаменитых замков, в том числе самых высокий замок во Франции — Château de Brissac —  и замок Плесси-Бурре, ставший сценой для многих исторических фильмов. Добраться до этих замков можно на общественном транспорте, а существенно сэкономить можно с City Pass Angers — Val de Loire, который покроет вход во все эти замки, транспорт и др.

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 Анже на карте Франции:

Angers (Анже), Франция - достопримечательности, путеводитель по городу, Замок Анже

Замок Анже

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

История Анжера:

Angers gets its name from a Celtic tribe, the Andecavi, but only really took
shape under the Romans, as Juliomagus. “Barbarian” invasions threatened the
city for much of its early life, culminating in destructive Viking raids in the midninth
century. Only under the warlike counts of Anjou, who took control from
the tenth century, was the city made truly secure – in fact, their efforts ensured
that it became the power-base of a miniature empire. Under the prolific castle
builder Foulque Nerra, the “Black Falcon” (987–1040), the Angevins managed
to subdue both the Saumurois and Touraine, and were only prevented from
making further conquests by the obduracy of the counts of Blois. Later generations
enlarged their territories by marriage rather than warfare – Count Foulques
V brought the Maine region, to the north, within the family fief, while his son,
Geoffroi “Plantagenêt” – so-called because he habitually planted a sprig of
broom (genêt) in his headgear – wed Matilda of England, daughter of Henry I,
in 1128, gaining control of Normandy. Geoffroi’s son, Henri, pulled off an even
bigger coup by marrying Eleanor of Aquitaine in 1152, thereby effectively taking
over her vast dominions in southwestern France (see box on p.256). Just two years
later he became Henry II of England. Angers grew rapidly in the brief Plantagenet
heyday, even if its overlords actually preferred to live elsewhere.
After the Plantagenet collapse, the city passed into the hands of the French
royal family. As regent, Louis IX’s mother, Blanche de Castille, had the city
encircled by giant fortifications from 1230; the walls were completed in just
ten years in the face of the waxing power of an independent Brittany. Monasteries
grew in the shelter of the walls, and Angers’ life as a major university
town began with the founding of a school of law in 1244. In the mid-fourteenth
century, the French king Jean le Bon gifted Anjou to his son Louis who,
as the first semi-autonomous duc d’Anjou, set about raising the status of his
new capital with commissions for new château buildings and a great tapestry
series depicting the apocalypse. Louis’ grandson, René d’Anjou (see box on
p.277), made further improvements, establishing Angers as a thriving artistic
and mercantile centre. It continued to flourish into the sixteenth century and
beyond, the city’s now greatly expanded university attracting two of Renaissance
France’s greatest writers: the satirist Rabelais, from Chinon, and the poet
Joachim du Bellay, from western Anjou.
In the 1790s, the entire region, including Angers itself, was thrown into
turmoil when the conservative and ultra-Catholic Vendée region immediately
south and west of Anjou rose up against the Revolution. But like so many Loire
towns, it was the arrival of the railways in the mid-nineteenth century that most
affected Angers, as the port trade slowly dwindled and died. In 1875 a private,
Catholic university was established immediately west of the city centre. Today,
the 10,000 students at “la Catho” still make up a powerful presence in the
city, along with their 16,000 rivals at the modern, public Université d’Angers,
founded in 1971 on the opposite bank of the River Maine. Meanwhile, the
Institut National d’Horticulture, or INH, turns out hundreds of plant experts
each year, many of them bound for highly technical jobs in Anjou’s thriving
horticulture industry.

 

 

 

 

Фестивали:

At the end of May, the Tour de Scènes festival (wwww.tourdescenes.com)
brings rock and world music acts to the squares and quais of the city centre for
four days of free concerts. On Tuesday and Thursday evenings throughout July
and August, the Festival Angers l’Eté features excellent jazz and world music
gigs in the atmospheric Cloître Toussaint, the cloisters behind the Galerie David
d’Angers; you can book tickets in advance at the tourist office of the FNAC
store on rue Lenapveu; most cost e9 but a handful are free. In early September,
the festival Les Accroche Coeurs brings a host of theatrical companies,
musicians and street-performers for three days of surreal entertainment. More
theatre is laid on from mid-June to early July in the Festival d’Anjou, when
open-air productions are staged in châteaux and other dramatic locations
throughout the region; details can be found at wwww.festivaldanjou.com.

В пригороде:

The château de Pignerolle, in the satellite village of ST-BARTHELÉMY
D’ANJOU, 4km east of Angers (signposted off the N147), is home to the
Espace Européen de la Communication (Feb, March, Nov & Dec Sat
2.30–6pm, Sun 10am–12.30pm & 2.30–6pm; April–Oct daily 10am–12.30pm &
2.30–6pm; e5.50, children aged 12–18 e2.50; wwww.musee-communication
.com), a typically histrionic French science and technology museum. It’s quite
good fun, with everything from Leonardo’s helicopter drawings to German
submarines brought into play, and fantastical scenes of the future, but don’t
expect to come out much the wiser.
For something completely different, you could go on a guided tour around the
Distillerie Cointreau, just off the ring road between Angers and St-Barthelemy
d’Anjou, where the famous orange liqueur has been distilled since the mid-nineteenth
century (tours May, June, Sept & Oct daily 10.30am & 3pm, Sun also
4.30pm; July & Aug daily 10.30am, 2.30pm, 3pm & 4.30pm; Nov–April Mon–
Sat 3pm, Sun 3pm & 4.30pm; call t02.41.31.50.50 for times of tours in English;
e5.50; take bus #7 from boulevard Maréchal Foch to the stop “Cointreau”).
You’ll learn a lot about the Cointreau brothers and how marvellous the drink
is, a little bit about distilling techniques and very little about the recipe – which
isn’t quite as secret as Cointreau likes to make out, if the number of rival brands
of triple sec is anything to go by. You also get to see rows of gleaming copper stills
– and to taste a sip of a cocktail at the end of the tour.
The Musée de l’Ardoise (July to mid-Sept Tues–Sun 2–6pm; mid-Sept to
Nov & mid-Feb to June Sun 2–6pm; demonstrations at 3pm; e5.50) is rather
lost in the industrial satellite village of TRÉLAZÉ, 2km southeast of the centre.
It’s not a museum as such, rather a demonstration of traditional slate-mining
techniques by former miners, on the site of an open-cast mine which still
produces some of the finest-quality slate in the world. It helps if you understand
a little French, but just watching a sexagenarian split a giant block of stone into
millimetre-perfect, size-graded slates using a big wooden hammer and a pair
of outsize clogs is fairly astounding, even if you don’t get the commentary. If
your French is up to it, you could even arrange to visit the mine proper

 

 

 

 

 

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